A bunion is a bony deformity of the joint at the base of the big toe. The medical name is hallux valgus. Bunions develop slowly. Pressure on the big toe joint causes the big toe to lean toward the second toe.
Over time, the normal structure of the bone changes, resulting in the bunion bump. This deformity will gradually increase and may make it painful to wear shoes or walk.
Anyone can develop a bunion, but they’re more common in women than men. This may be because of the style of footwear that women wear.
Treatment options vary depending on the severity of your bunion and the amount of pain it causes.
Dr. foot offers surgical and non-surgical treatment for bunion
However, these can only help to reduce the symptoms of bunions, such as pain. They don’t improve the appearance of your foot. that may relieve the pain and pressure of a bunion include:
If conservative treatment doesn’t provide relief from your symptoms, you might need surgery. The type of surgery will depend on the level of deformity, the severity of your symptoms, your age, and any other associated medical conditions.
However, surgery isn’t recommended unless a bunion causes you frequent pain or interferes with your daily activities.
There are numerous surgical procedures for bunions, and no one technique is best for every problem.
Surgical procedures for bunions might involve:
It’s possible that you’ll be able to walk on your foot immediately after a bunion procedure. However, full recovery can take weeks to months.
To prevent a recurrence, you’ll need to wear proper shoes after recovery. For most people, it’s unrealistic to expect to wear narrower shoes after surgery.