Plantar fasciitis is a very common condition of the heel. It is the most common diagnosed cause of heel pain. It will affect about 1 million people each year.
Plantar fasciitis is thickening of the plantar fascia, a band of tissue running underneath the sole of the foot.
The thickening can be due to recent damage or injury, or can be because of an accumulation of smaller injuries over the years.
Though plantar fasciitis can arise without an obvious cause, factors that can increase your risk of developing plantar fasciitis include:
The symptoms of plantar fasciitis include:
Ignoring plantar fasciitis may result in chronic heel pain that hinders your regular activities. Changing the way, you walk to minimize plantar fasciitis pain might lead to foot, knee, hip or back problems.
Reducing inflammation in the plantar fascia ligament is an important part of treatment, but this doesn’t address the underlying damage to the ligament.
Most people who have plantar fasciitis recover with conservative treatments, including resting, icing the painful area and stretching, in several months.
When more-conservative measures aren’t working after several months, your doctor might recommend:
Few people need surgery to detach the plantar fascia from the heel bone. It’s generally an option only when the pain is severe and all else fails.
Plantar fasciotomy may be performed using open, endoscopic or radiofrequency lessoning techniques. Overall, the success rate of surgical release is 70 to 90 percent in patients with plantar fasciitis.